Endocrinology is a branch of medicine that deals with diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the endocrine glands.
RRCRM&HE is the only patient care institution in Belarus, which joins ambulatory consultative care and inpatient secondary endocrinological research up-to-date care which is upgraded with modern equipment and the latest diagnostic resources. Diagnosis and treatment of endocrinological diseases are carried out in close cooperation of endocrinologists of therapeutics department of the consultative polyclinicand specialists of endocrinology department.
Our doctors advise the patients, if necessary, the patient can be placed in the endocrinology department.
Diabetes is a real health and life quality hazard around the world, it is one of the most common diseases. Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose level) influences the vasculature and nerve fibers and leads to specific changes in various organs which bring on the development of late diabetes complications. Diabetes takes third place among the causes of high disability and patient mortality after cardiovascular and cancer diseases at present.
The specialists of RRCRM&HE provide in corpore the necessary advice and medical help to diabetic patients, adults and children. Children with diabetes, their parents and grandparents learn here to calculate a diet based on the age and physical activity. They are given help to choose a profession, to determine the insulin dose and to learn self-control rules of glucose level.
Laser coagulation, cataract extraction and other surgical and conservative treatment are widely used in case of eyes diabetes complications.
Patients with cardiovascular complications of diabetes (ischemic heart disease, essential hypertension and other forms of cardiovascular disease) get expert assistance at the Center. Today we can keep our patients from amputations of fingers, feet and legs. Lower extremities of patients are examined by the ultrasound and laser dopplerography. Trophic ulcers of feet and legs are cured with the use of modern medicine and bandages. We teach foot care to our patients.
We started using more intensive methods of insulin therapy (insulin pump) and continuous glucose monitoring system (288 glucose tests per day) for the first time in Belarus. That allows to calculate the accurate insulin dose with minimal risk of hypoglycemia.
Diabetes School has been opened for hospital patients on the basis of the Endocrinology Department of RRCRM&HE since 2007. Experts of RRCRM&HE teach patients of all ages healthy diet, insulinotherapy, self-control and prevention of diabetes, prevention of its complications using educational programs. They help to lose weight and to choose right physical exercises.
Endocrinology experts together with obstetrician-gynecologists of RRCRM&HE can modify your pregnancy, recommend you how to create a family with diabetes.
Everyone who has ever thought to lose weight, hoped to do it quickly and irrevocably. However, the rapid weight correction is not always safe, firstly and, secondly, the result of this weight loss is very difficult to keep. It's known that overweight comes back very quickly and usually with a couple of excess pounds in 95% of cases of rapid weight loss.
The fact is that the weight correction is a set of changes, so the approach to weight losing has to be complex, too. The main task of experts is to eliminate causes that prevent to lose weight qualitatively and without health hazard.
Our experts identify and correct causes of individual patient's propensity to overweight. The process of weight loss means not only the correct nutrition but also the organism clearance, starvation or diet.
Weight correction is a set of body changes, so the body effect should be complex and safe.
Our experts select all methods of complex effects for weight loss strictly individually. Every follow-up procedure enhances the action of the previous one.
Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass per unit volume and by disturbance of microarchitectonics of bone tissue, leading to bone fragility and risk of their fractures by minimal injury or even without it. Osteopenia is a term used to designate the reduction of radiological shadow density (standard X-ray study of bones) or the reduction of bone mass, determined by the methods of quantitative bone densitometry.
The consequences of osteoporosis in the form of fractures of vertebral bodies and cortical bones cause a large number of sickness and death rates among the elderly. According to the World Health Organization osteoporosis takes the fourth place as a cause of patients’ disability and mortality after such diseases as cardiovascular diseases, oncological pathology and diabetes.
The primary osteoporosis is the dominant form of osteoporosis (postmenopausal and senile). It makes up 85% of all cases of osteoporosis. The steroid osteoporosis is the most common form of the secondary osteoporosis at the endocrine and rheumatologic diseases.
The disease course is asymptomatic in 50% of cases. The first clinical signs are bone fractures without preceding accident or by trivial trauma. The most common symptoms are typical low back and chest pains after low physical activity and a prolonged stay in one position.
Currently, there are opportunities for early diagnosis of osteoporosis, even at the pre-clinical stage. 15 years ago the only method was the radiography of bones. It identified the disease when more than 20% of bone mass was lost or the bones were broken. Thanks to the development of various osteodensitometry methods it is possible today to detect bone mass loss at 2%, to monitor mineral bone density tissue during the treatment, prevention or monitoring the dynamics of osteopathy natural history.
At our Center you can undergo osteodensitometry (method of osteoporosis diagnosis).
The osteoporosis developing in various diseases of the endocrine system, gastrointestinal tract, etc. can be diagnosed, treated and prevented at people of different age (juvenile, postmenopausal) at “RRCRM&HE”.
The stages of osteoporosis can be determined with modern equipment (densitometer). Then individual therapy with the most effective medicine is selected.
Modern diagnostics and treatment of thyrotoxicosis, hypothyroidism, endocrinous ophthalmopathy, nodular goiter, thyroiditis, adrenal and parathyroid diseases are carried out at RRCRM&HE.
Thyrotoxicosis is a disease with a high level of thyroid hormones, exophthalmos, hands’ trembling, weight loss.
Hypothyroidism is a disease with a low level of thyroid hormones. The main symptoms are dry skin, drowsiness, constipations, slow speech.
At Center you can have an ultrasound examination, determine levels of hormones in the blood, do needle biopsy of thyroid nodules to exclude cancer, if necessary. At our well-equipped Surgical Department you can be operated on thyroid diseases. Such high-technology research as computed X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging are available for patients by suspicion of adrenal or pancreas tumor.